Actualización de las guías de la Sociedad Europea de Cirugía Vascular de manejo de enfermedad ateroesclerótica carotídea del 2017

Dr. Emmanuel Martínez Martínez, Dr. Francisco Huete Montealegre, Dr. Álvaro Hernández Guillén, Dr. Pablo Odio Zúñiga, Dr. Miguel Ángel Barboza Elizondo

Resumen


El ictus isquémico es la segunda causa de muerte a nivel mundial, y es una de las principales causas de discapacidad. Aproximadamente un 15% de los ictus, son causados por la enfermedad ateroesclerótica de los vasos del cuello. La detección de esta enfermedad, así como el manejo para atacarla son piezas claves en la prevención del ictus, así como la diminución de su impacto en os sistemas de salud. Para la elaboración del siguiente documento, se tomaron las Guías de 

manejo de enfermedad ateroesclerótica de carótidas y arterias vertebrales de la Sociedad Europea de Cirugía Vascular, y se propuso realizar una actualización a dicho documento con los datos más actuales al momento de la realización de este. Para tal objetivo, ser realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en bases de datos indexadas. Cada paciente con enfermedad carotídea debe ser abordado según su condición clínica, porcentaje de obstrucción, presencia o no de enfermedad sintomática y comorbilidades. El manejo no debe ser quirúrgico en todos los casos, pero en los casos que, si lo requieran, se debe abordar de manera expedita. El control de factores de riesgo y el manejo médico son de una importancia crítica en el manejo de esta patología.


Palabras clave


El ictus isquémico , enfermedad ateroesclerótica carotídea,

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