Abordaje de la hipoglicemia en pacientes no diabéticos en edad pediátrica: revisión sistemática

René Salazar Sandí, Alejandra Acosta Gualandri, Roberto Bogarin Solano

Resumen


La presencia de concentraciones séricas de glucosa por debajo de 40 mg/dl en un recién nacido y por debajo de 45 mg/dl en un adulto, es considerada hipoglicemia. Esta puede tener diferentes causas, desde un ayuno prolongado, enfermedad endocrina, metabólica, intoxicaciones, medicamentos, tumores, etc. La hipoglicemia, es una emergencia médica, que puede llevar a síntomas neurológicos severos, daños irreversibles y hasta la muerte. El realizar un diagnóstico diferencial, un abordaje y tratamiento oportuno son claves para el manejo de un paciente con hipoglicemia.

Palabras clave


hipoglicemia; error innato metabolismo; endocrinopatía; hiperinsulinismo; glucógeno

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Referencias


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