Síndrome de pseudotumor cerebral

Obed Cruz Arias, Brenda Vanessa Salazar Badilla

Resumen


El síndrome de pseudotumor cerebral (SPTC) se manifiesta como una entidad caracterizada por cefalea, alteraciones en los campos visuales, papiledema y aumento de la presión de apertura de liquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR) sin evidencia de proceso expansivo intracraneal. Puede ser primario también conocido como hipertensión intracraneal idiopática o secundario a alguna causa identificable. Es una patología casi exclusiva de mujeres obesas en edad fértil. Se han propuesto nuevos criterios diagnósticos para la población adulta y pediátrica debido a un mayor conocimiento de las alteraciones radiológicas asociadas y una mejor comprensión de la enfermedad. El objetivo principal del tratamiento es la conservación y restauración de la visión.


Palabras clave


fenestración de la vaina del nervio óptico; papiledema; pseudotumor cerebral

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Referencias


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