Hemorragia subaracnoidea

Minor Valverde Naranjo

Resumen


Se realiza una actualización sobre los aspectos más importantes de la hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática. Las recomendaciones propuestas pueden considerarse como una guía general de manejo de esta patología. Sin embargo, pueden ser modificadas, incluso de manera significativa por las circunstancias propias de cada caso clínico, o las variaciones en los recursos diagnósticos y terapéuticos del centro hospitalario que reciba al paciente.

Palabras clave


Hemorragia subaracnoidea; Aneurisma.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Al–Shahi R, White PM, Davenport RJ, Lindsay KW. Subarachnoid haemorrhage. BMJ. 2006; 333:235– 40.

Atlas SW. MR imaging is highly sensitive for acute subarachnoid hemorrhage.. Radiology 1993; 186:319-322

Carter KN, Anderson N, Jamrozik K, Hankey G, Anderson C, for the Australasian Co–operative Research on Subarachnoid Haemorrhage Study (ACROSS) Group. Migraine and risk of subarachnoid haemorrhage: a population–based case–control study. J Clin Neurosci. 2005;12:534–7

de Rooij, N.K., Linn, F.H., van der Plas, J.A., Algra, A., Rinkel, G.J.: Incidence of subarachnoid haemorrhage: a systematic review with emphasis on region, age, gender and time trends. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2007; 78: 1365-1372

Epidemiology of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in Australia and New Zealand: incidence and case fatality from the Australasian Cooperative Research on Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Study (ACROSS). Stroke 2000; 31: 1843- 1850

Feigin VL, Rinkel GJE, Lawes CMM, Algra A, Bennett DA, Jan van Gijn, et al. Risk factors for subarachnoid hemorrhage: An updated systematic review of epidemiological studies. Stroke. 2005; 36:2773 80.

Fogelholm, R.: Subarachnoid hemorrhage in middleFinland: incidence, early prognosis and indications for neurosurgical treatment. Stroke 1981; 12: 296-301

Foroud T, Sauerbeck L, Brown R, Anderson C, Woo D, Kleindorfer D, et al. Genome screen to detect linkage to intracranial aneurysm susceptibility genes: the Familial Intracranial Aneurysm (FIA) study. Stroke. 2008; 39:1434– 40.

Grandin CB, Cosnard G, Hammer F, Duprez TP, Stroobandt G, Mathurin P. Vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage: diagnosis with MR angiography. Am J Neuroradiol 2000; 21: 1611-1617

Huang, J. van Gelder, J.M.: The probability of sudden death from rupture of intracranial aneurysms: a meta-analysis. Neurosurgery 2002; 51: 1101-1105

Hunt WE, Hess RM. Surgical risk as related to time of intervention in the repair of intracranial aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 1968;28:14—20

Ingall, T.J., Whisnant, J.P., Wiebers, D.O., O’Fallon, W.M.: Has therz been a decline in subarachnoid hemorrhage mortality? Stroke 1989; 20: 718-724

Ingall, T.J. Wiebers, D.O.: Natural history of subrachnoid hemorrhage., in Whisnant JP (ed): Stroke: Populations, cohorts, and clinical trials. Boston, Mass, Butterworth- Heinemann Ltd, 1993

Kassell NF, Torner JC, Haley EC Jr, Jane JA, Adams HP, Kongable GL. The International Cooperative Study on the timing of aneurysm surgery, I: Overall management results. J Neurosurg 1990; 73: 18-36

KramerAH, HehirM,NathanB, GressD,DumontAS, Kassell NF, et al. A comparison of 3 radiographic scales for the prediction of delayed ischemia and prognosis following subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg. 2008; 109:199—207.

Linn, F.H., Rinkel, G.J., Algra, A., van Gijn, J.: Incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage: role of region, year, and rate of computed tomography: a meta-analysis. Stroke 1996; 27: 625-629

Martinez-Manas, R., Ibanez, G., Macho, J., Gaston, F., Ferrer, E.: [A study of 234 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage of aneurysmic and cryptogenic origin]. Neurocirugia 2002; 13: 181-193

Mitchell P, Wilkinson ID, Hoggard N, Paley MN, Jellinek DA, Powell T, et al. Detection of subarachnoid haemorrhage with magnetic resonance imaging. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2001; 70: 205-211.

Nieuwkamp DJ, Setz LE, Algra A, Linn FH, de Rooij NK, Rinkel GJ. Changes in case fatality of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage over time, according to age, sex, and region: a meta–analysis. Lancet Neurol. 2009; 8:635–42.

Phillips, L.H., Whisnant, J.P., O’Fallon, W.M., Sundt, T.M., Jr.: The unchanging pattern of subarachnoid hemorrhage in a community. Neurology 1980; 30: 1034-1040

Ruigrok YM, Rinkel GJE, Wijmenga C. Genetics of intracranial aneurysms. Lancet Neurol. 2005;4:179–89

Sacco, S., Totaro, R., Toni, D., Marini, C., Cerone, D., Carolei, A.: Incidence, case-fatalities and 10-year survival of subarachnoid hemorrhage in a population-based registry. Eur Neurol 2009; 62: 155-160

Teasdale GM, Wardlaw JM, White PM, Murray, Teasdale EM, Easton V. The familial risk of subarachnoid haemorrhage. Brain. 2005;128:1677–85

Vermeulen M, Van Gijn J. The diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1990; 53: 365-372


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Copyright (c) 2018 Revista Médica de Costa Rica y Centroamérica



Dirección OAI:

http://www.revistamedicacr.com/index.php/rmcr/oai/

Todos los derechos reservados. Se prohibe la reproducción total o parcial.

Revista Médica de Costa Rica 2020. ISSN:22155201